The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of measles amongst children in Abia State University Teaching Hospital (ABSUTH) Aba. The aim of the study is to provide data on the prevalence of measles amongst children (0 – 5 years) in ABSUTH, to determine the most affected age group, and to identify the most prevalent complications.
It is a descriptive study on the prevalence of measles among children (0 to 5) attending ABSUTH from January 2014 to December 2018. 14712 children reported to the hospital with different ailments within the period. Out of this, 419 children had measles which was used as the sample size for the study. A computer checklist, data compilation form, and calculator were used as instruments for this study.
Data collected were analyzed using tables, figures, and graphs. Out of the 14,712 cases, 419 (2.8%) presented with measles in the five years study. The prevalence was highest in 2014 and lowest in 2018. The gender prevalence showed measles occurred more in males (55.8%) than in females (44.2%). It occurred in children between the ages of 1 to 2 years (30.8%) and the peak month incidence was seen in January (18.4%), May (66%), February (11.2%), and December (11%). Incidence was highest in those unimmunized. Vitamin A also helps susceptible children prevent complications.
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